And we can lose this war only if use slow up our effort or if we waste our ammunition sniping at each other. Let them tell that to the boys in the Flying Fortresses. Japan in such a case could (then) release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere – South America and Central America, and North America – including Alaska. On the west, the China side, the Japanese were in possession of the coast of China and the coast of Indo-China which had been yielded to them by the Vichy French. During this fireside chat, a Japanese submarine surfaced off Golata, CA, and shelled an oil refinery. That means a national unity that can know no limitations of race or creed or selfish politics. We shall not demand special gains or special privileges or special advantages for any one group or occupation. Japan in such a case could release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere- South America and Central America, and North America- including Alaska. They have even served the enemy propagandists by spreading the incredible story that shiploads of bodies of our honored American dead were about to arrive in New York Harbor to be put into a common grave. Conquered nations in Europe know what the yoke of the Nazis is like. We knew all along that, with our greater resources, we could out build Japan and ultimately overwhelm her on sea, on land, and in the air. On radio, he was able to quell rumors and explain his … And when those repairs are completed, the ships will be more efficient fighting machines than they were before. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the sacrifice, the more glorious the triumph.". And today all the United Nations salute the superb Russian Army as it celebrates the twenty-fourth anniversary of its first assembly. We knew that, to attain our objective, many varieties of operations would be necessary in areas other than the Philippines. We fight at these vast distances because that is where our enemies are. Until our flow of supplies gives us clear superiority we must keep on striking our enemies wherever and whenever we can meet them, even if, for a while, we have to yield ground. And General Washington ordered that these great words written by Tom Paine be read to the men of every regiment in the Continental Army, and this was the assurance given to the first American armed forces: The United Nations are not – especially the United States of America. We knew all along that, with our greater resources, we could ultimately out-build Japan and ultimately overwhelm her on sea, and on land and in the air. Roosevelt's Response: But they do not wish to help the enemy any more than our fighting forces do; and they will pay little attention to the rumor-mongers and the poison peddlers in our midst. But there was never the slightest question that either the British or the Russians would yield. Follow along as Roosevelt explains the impending battle. We shall give up conveniences and modify the routine of our lives if our country asks us to do so. Check out Fireside Chat #20 - On the Progress of the War (February 23, 1942) by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on Amazon Music. Failing in that, they are now trying to destroy our confidence in our own allies. Now nothing that has occurred in the past two months has caused us to revise this basic strategy of necessity – except that the defense put up by General MacArthur has magnificently exceeded the previous estimates of endurance, and he and his men are gaining eternal glory therefore. Japanese troop transports could go south from Japan and from China through the narrow China Sea which can be protected by Japanese planes throughout its whole length. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. Never before have we been called upon for such a prodigious effort. At the same time, she could immediately extend her conquests in the other direction toward India, and through the Indian Ocean to Africa, to the Near East, and try to join forces with Germany and Italy. Heavy bombers can fly under their own power from here to the southwest Pacific, either way, but the smaller planes cannot. We have unified command and cooperation and comradeship. Next September 7, 1942: Fireside Chat 22: On Inflation and Food Prices. (4.) Failing in that, they are now trying to destroy our confidence in our own allies. We shall not stop work for a single day. Throughout the thirteen states there existed fifth columnists—and selfish men, jealous men, fearful men, who proclaimed that Washington's cause was hopeless, and that he should ask for a negotiated peace. The broad oceans which have been heralded in the past as our protection from attack have become endless battlefields on which we are constantly being challenged by our enemies. In advance of the address Roosevelt asked citizens to have a world map in front of them as they listened to him speak. Every Japanese transport sunk off Java is one less transport that they can use to carry reinforcements to their army opposing General MacArthur in Luzon. Tom Paine wrote those words on a drumhead, by the light of a campfire. We have most certainly suffered losses – from Hitler's U-Boats in the Atlantic as well as from the Japanese in the Pacific – and we shall suffer more of them before the turn of the tide. MacArthur's army of Filipinos and Americans, and the forces of the United Nations in China, in Burma and the Netherlands East Indies, are all together fulfilling the same essential task. Now, many of those same people, afraid that we may be sticking our necks out, want our national bird to be turned into a turtle. This theme has been that Americans are admittedly rich, (and) that Americans have considerable industrial power – but that Americans are soft and decadent, that they cannot and will not unite and work and fight. But they cover a large strategic area. And the people of Korea and of Manchuria know in their flesh the harsh despotism of Japan. They advise us to pull our warships and our planes and our merchant ships into our own home waters and concentrate solely on last ditch defense. We Americans will contribute unified production and unified acceptance of sacrifice and of effort. He held to his course, as it had been charted in the Declaration of Independence. Immediately after this war started, the Japanese forces moved down on either side of the Philippines to numerous points south of them—thereby completely encircling the Philippines from north, south, east, and west. We fight at these vast distances because that is where our enemies are. We have unified command and cooperation and comradeship. President Franklin D. Roosevelt chose the 210 th anniversary of George Washington’s birthday to address the American people with his first Fireside Chat since Pearl Harbor. We and the other United Nations are committed to the destruction of the militarism of Japan and Germany. They advise us to pull our warships and our planes and our merchant ships into our own home waters and concentrate solely on last-ditch defense. But we prefer to retain the eagle as it is—flying high and striking hard. Look at your map. Under the Washington Treaty of 1921 we had solemnly agreed not to add to the fortification of the Philippines (Islands). The fireside chats were a series of evening radio addresses given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. We shall not stop work for a single day. Fourth, if by such a fatuous policy we ceased to protect the North Atlantic supply line to Britain and to Russia, we would help to cripple the splendid counteroffensive by Russia against the Nazis, and we would help to deprive Britain of essential food supplies and munitions. Let them tell that to the boys in the Flying Fortresses. Of all the combatant ships based at Pearl Harbor—battleships, heavy cruisers, light cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers and submarines—only three are permanently put out of commission. The task that we Americans now face will test us to the uttermost. First, in such a case, we could no longer send aid of any kind to China – to the brave people who, for nearly five years, have withstood Japanese assault, destroyed hundreds of thousands of Japanese soldiers and vast quantities of Japanese war munitions. President Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War, 02/23/1942 ... President Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War, 02/23/1942 by International Business Machines Corporation. Soon, we and not our enemies, will have the offensive; we, not they, will win the final battles; and we, not they, will make the final peace. Those Americans who believed that we could live under the illusion of isolationism wanted the American eagle to imitate the tactics of the ostrich. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered, yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the sacrifice, the more glorious the triumph." But they cover a large strategic area. And I speak again for the American people when I say that we can and will do that job. Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. But they do not wish to help the enemy any more than our fighting forces do, and they will pay little attention to the rumor-mongers and the poison peddlers in our midst. We knew that, to obtain our objective, many varieties of operations would be necessary in areas other than the Philippines. On the north are the islands of Japan themselves, reaching down almost to northern Luzon. It has been said that Japanese gains in the Philippines were made possible only by the success of their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. From Wikisource. That is the reason why I have asked you to take out and spread before you (the) a map of the whole earth, and to follow with me in the references which I shall make to the world-encircling battle lines of this war. He held to his course, as it had been charted in the Declaration of Independence. We shall not demand special gains or special privileges or special advantages for any one group or occupation. This is war. We had no safe naval bases there, so we could not use the islands for extensive naval operations. PP 10:47pm. I ask you to look at your maps again, particularly at that portion of the Pacific Ocean lying west of Hawaii. Look at the (British Isles) Islands of Britain, Australia, New Zealand, the Dutch Indies, India, the Near East and the Continent of Africa, with their (re)sources of raw materials – their resources of raw materials, and of peoples determined to resist Axis domination. They have suggested slyly that the Government has withheld the truth about casualties—that eleven or twelve thousand men were killed at Pearl Harbor instead of the figures as officially announced. We are calling for plant conversion to war needs. That is the conquering spirit which prevails throughout the United Nations in this war. All of the people of Asia know that if there is to be an honorable and decent future for any of them or any of us, that future depends on victory by the United Nations over the forces of Axis enslavement. If any dispute arises we shall keep on working while the dispute is. 3. The task that we Americans now face will test us to the uttermost. Almost every Axis broadcast – Berlin, Rome, Tokyo – directly quotes Americans who, by speech or in the press, make damnable misstatements such as these. We knew that the war as a whole would have to be fought and won by a process of attrition against Japan itself. Look too at North America, Central America, and South America. © Copyright 2019. The Japanese do not know just how many planes they destroyed that day, and I am not going to tell them. The islands that lie between Hawaii and the Philippines these islands, hundreds of them, appear only as small dots on most maps. It is essential that we help China in her magnificent defense and in her inevitable counteroffensive – for that is one important element in the ultimate defeat of Japan. Fireside Chats Fact 20: The Map Speech: On Monday, February 23, 1942 reported on the progress of the War and asked American families to have a map to help follow the references he would make to different countries - it would be referred to as the Map Speech. Every Japanese transport sunk off Java is one less transport that they can use to carry reinforcements to their army opposing General MacArthur in Luzon. Let them repeat that now! The Atlantic Charter applies not only to the parts of the world that border the Atlantic but to the whole world; disarmament of aggressors, self-determination of Nations and peoples, and the four freedoms—freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. The Allies on the Defensive The situation the Allies faced at the start of 1942 was bad - and quickly getting worse. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. And thousands of American troops are today in that area engaged in operations not only in the air but on the ground as well. The islands that lie between Hawaii and the Philippines – these islands, hundreds of them, appear only as small dots on most maps, but do not appear at all. And when those repairs are completed, the ships will be more efficient fighting machines than they were before. We are calling for new plants and additions to old plants. We are daily increasing our strength. We had no safe naval bases there, so we could not use the islands for extensive naval operations. So speak Americans today! Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. Edward Dougherty. He and the brave men who served with him knew that no man's life or fortune was secure, without freedom and free institutions. Immediately after this war started, the Japanese forces moved down on either side of the Philippines to numerous points south of them – thereby completely encircling the (Islands) Philippines from north, and south, and east and west. For she could fly even her short-range planes to the points of attack by using many stepping stones open to – her bases in a multitude of Pacific islands and also bases on the China coast, Indo-China coast, and in Thailand and Malaya (coasts). Let them tell that to the Marines! Fireside Chats. In every part of the country, experts in production and the men and women at work in the plants are giving loyal service. And the American people will find ways and means of expressing their determination to their enemies, including the Japanese Admiral who has said that he will dictate the terms of peace here in the White Mouse. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. There are those who still think in terms of the days of sailing ships. At the same time, she could immediately extend her conquests (to) in the other direction toward India, (and) through the Indian Ocean, to Africa, (and) to the Near East and try to join forces with Germany and Italy. If any dispute arises we shall keep on working while the dispute is solved by mediation, or conciliation or arbitration – until the war is won. I tell you that this is not so. We must all understand and face the hard fact that our job now is to fight at distances which extend all the way around the globe. These routes are not one-way streets, for the ships (which) that carry our troops and munitions out-bound bring back essential raw materials which we require for our own use. Skip to main content. From Berlin, Rome, and Tokyo we have been described as a Nation of weaklings- "playboys"—who would hire British soldiers, or Russian soldiers, or Chinese soldiers to do our fighting for us. Some of those that were there were hit very slightly; and others that were damaged have either rejoined the fleet by now or are still undergoing repairs. Our first job then is to build up production – uninterrupted production – so that the United Nations can maintain control of the seas and attain control of the air – not merely a slight superiority, but an overwhelming superiority. They have even served the enemy propagandists by spreading the incredible story that shiploads of bodies of our honored American dead were about to arrive in New York harbor to be put into a common grave. On February 28, 1945, FDR returned from his trip to Yalta. It is different from all other wars of the past, not only in its methods and weapons but also in its geography. Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. Now nothing that has occurred in the past two months has caused us to revise this basic strategy of necessity- except that the defense put up by General MacArthur has magnificently exceeded the previous estimates of endurance; and he and his men are gaining eternal glory therefor. It is a job which requires tremendous daring, tremendous resourcefulness, and, above all, tremendous production of planes and tanks and guns and also of the ships to carry them. And instead of listening to any of this crude propaganda, they will recall some of the things that Nazis and Japanese have said and are still saying about us. Supplies and equipment were lacking. But, speaking for the United States of America, let me say once and for all to the people of the world: We Americans have been compelled to yield ground, but we will regain it. February 23, 1942. 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