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February 21, 1955: Established as Apostolic Prefecture of Kabba from the Diocese of Benin City, Diocese of Kaduna and Apostolic Prefecture of Oturkpo; July 6, 1964: Promoted as Diocese of Kabba; May 5, 1965: Renamed as Diocese of Lokoja A Brief Geography and History of Lokoja Lokoja is the only city and State capital in Nigeria that is squarely situated at a confluence of West Africa’s major rivers, the Rivers Niger and Benue, where both rivers merge and flow southwards into the Atlantic Ocean. However, there are other groups apart from the ones mentioned above but they are classified as temporary visitors and non indigenous. According to professor Jegede, There in Lokoja, they defy the intense heat at that time of the year to write 183 courses and adapt 235 others in 54 programmes carefully chosen to kick start the re-establishment of the National Open University of Nigeria in Lagos. With all these historical references, Lokoja is no doubt a city of historical importance located strategically. What Nonsense Is This? [3] It is a trade center with respect to its agricultural products; this is because it is situated at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, and is close to the new federal capital of Nigeria in Abuja. Present day Lokoja is ruled by the Maigari (chief) of Lokoja, and his 12 Hakimi (Sub chiefs) It is important to note however, that each group have their own local criteria: for example, the Maigari has no jurisdiction over the Olu of Oworo, but he does have authority over Ganaja, Kwakware, Sarkin Numa, Adankolo, ward A to ward E and other villages of the Lokoja Holland that is the Salkawa people. The town grew to become cosmopolitan settlement peopled mostly by different ethnic groups from the middle belt and Hausa from the northern Nigeria. During the colonial era, a number of Northern feudal lords who vehemently opposed colonial rule and domination of their territories by the European imperialists were banished to Lokoja as punishment by the Colonialists. It lies at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers and is the capital of Nigeria's Kogi State. The Selection and Post of Senior Minister in Ghana Government. The state capital, Lokoja is an ancient historical town which once served as the colonial administrative headquarters of Nigeria. Buy Access; Help; About; Contact Us; Cookies; Encyclopedias | Text editions Fourth, the first course writing and instructional material development of the National open university of Nigeria meeting took place in Lokoja in 2002. Other subsequent settlers into the city include the Yoruba (mainstream), the Igala, the Igbirra (Igbirra Tao and Igbirra Koto), and the Bassa-Nge people. This area eventually became a center of trade. Change ). Second, Lokoja was said to be a prominent centre for slave trade in the 18th and 19thcenturies due to its strategic location and later served as a centre for freedom. Lokoja on the other hand also saddles some strategic roads to at least, five geo political zones out of the six geo political zones in Nigeria. The Polytechnic took off in January 1993 at the Government Science Secondary School, Lokoja and Osara Campus with Dr. Isa I.A. Lokoja is also a Local Government Area of Kogi State with an area of 3,180 km² and a population of 195,261 at the 2006 census. 6 of 1994. It opened up the city to all Nigerians and allowed all and sundry to draw from the fountain of the Niger … This prompts the writing of this piece to expose the significance of the historical city of Lokoja as a means of appreciating this ancient city of freedom fighters, educators, emancipators and liberators. The late Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther spearheaded anti-slavery crusade in Nigeria and erected the Iron of liberty at a spot where slaves were set free in Lokoja. Olayemi Akinwumi, a Professor of African history and Deputy Vice-Chancellor at the Nasarawa State University, Keffi, has been appointed as the new Vice-Chancellor of Federal University, Lokoja. The present modern settlement at Lokoja was established in 1857 by the British explorer William Baikie at the site of an earlier model farm constructed during the failed Niger expedition of 1841. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It opened up the city to all Nigerians and allowed all and sundry to draw from the fountain of the Niger with insatiable quest for knowledge of discovery. living in Lokoja, the Superior then was Fr. Recommended Links: FULOKOJA Cut Off Marks. ", Kyei-Mensah-Bonsu urges politicians to reconcile differences The Nupe and Zazzau emirs agree with the Hausas to be the leader, while the Nupe to be the religion leader as chief imam of Lokoja. The town in its growth runs down the scope and expands into the Niger River valley. Lokoja (lōkōjä´), town (1987 est. They didn't know the role this beautiful city played in the history and developments of the beautiful Nigeria neither were they aware of the abundant historical relic it contained, especially before and during the colonial era. These include the Igbo, Tiv, Edo, etc. Around the same spot, he erected the first primary school in Northern Nigeria for all Nigerians who wanted to seek freedom from ignorance. 5 hours ago, Kyei-Mensah-Bonsu urges politicians to reconcile differences, NPP conceded defeat in 2008 election for prioritising sancti, Use Christmas to remember the poor — Otabil. It is bounded by the Niger in the north and east upstream from the capital until the border with Kwara State, and includes the city of Lokoja. History has it that, there are many reasons why Lokoja is a special place in Nigerian history. Till date, many relations of the European workers of the united African trading company (UTC), soldiers as well as missionaries buried in the European commentaries in Lokoja are trooping to the state to see the tomb of their departed great grandparents and pay tribute to them. They were able to sustain themselves by engaging in farming and hunting activities at Agbaja hill. Lokoja lies about 7.8023° North of the equator and 6.7333° E east of the Meridian. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Professor Olayemi Akinwumi is a Distinguished Professor of History at Nasarawa State University,Keffi, Nigeria since 2005. Lokoja is the first settlement of British in Nigeria, In fact, the name Nigeria was coined by flora Shaw in Lokoja, a British journalist who later married Fredrick Lugard, and as it was said, Flora coined the name Nigeria while gazing out at the River that stretched before her in the late 19th century. Although, Lokoja is a major historical trading city, but it is not as relevant as it used to be now. Porrier. History. The Federal University, Lokoja, popularly known as Fulokoja, is a federal university in the confluence city of Lokoja, the capital of Kogi State, North-Central Nigeria.Lokoja lies at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. Near Lokoja, in Ajaokuta, are metallurgy facilities and iron ore mines. History has it that, there are many reasons why Lokoja is a special place in Nigerian history. Lokoja town is situated on the slope of a range of hills, Mount Patti. [2] The Ebira , Bassa Nge , Nupe , Igala are indigenous to the area, other ethnic groups of Nigeria , including the Igbo , Bini / Edo , and Tiv , have recently established themselves. Religiously, Islam, Christianity and traditional religion exist in Lokoja .The Muslims go to their Mosques for their worship while the Christians do the same in their various churches. These natural waterways served as the major means of communication and transportation especially for the riverside dwellers during the colonial period. These means that, the founder of the National Open University of Nigeria realize that, they would be bringing open and distance learning to its home and its origin in Nigeria. Lokoja is a city in Nigeria. The FCT Minister of State, Dr Ramatu Aliyu, has lauded the appointment of Prof Olayemi Akinwumi, as the new Vice-Chancellor of the Federal University Lokoja. The kingdom was founded by the Igala, with its capital at Idah. According to Ad Ali, Lokoja rose to fame due to its location at the confluence of the two great waterways in West Africa, the Niger and Benue Rivers. This cosmopolitan nature have remains to date, the dilemma of Lokoja as various ethnic groups-notably the Oworo, Nupe, Igbirra, Hausa, Igala-lay claim to the ownership of the town. [1] While the Nupe, Hausa, Yoruba, Igala and Ebira are indigenous to the area, other ethnic groups of Nigeria, including the Igbo, Bini/Edo and Tiv, have recently established themselves. Kogi is contiguous to nine(9) states in Nigeria and is essentially a transit route to sixteen other states including the Fct. pop. Au XXe siècle, le premier gouverneur général britannique, Sir Frederick Lugard, gouverne les deux protectorats nord et sud du Nigeria depuis Lokoja . It is also worthy to mention that editions of Lokoja boat regatta are held, albeit not regularly. The postal code of the area is 260.[5]. Residential districts are of varying density, and the city has various suburbs such as Felele, Adankolo, Otokiti and Ganaja. ( Log Out /  Federal University, Lokoja has been official accredited and/or recognized by the National Universities Commission (NUC), Nigeria. Atabor Julius wrote that, the magnificent river Niger and river Benue meet in Lokoja, forming the famous confluence from which Kogi derives its official sobriquet (The confluence state). The Igala Kingdom, also known as the Kingdom of Idah, Ane-Ìgàlá, is a pre-colonial West African state, north central Nigeria. While the advent of the Catholic Faith in the Catholic Diocese of Lokoja is usually dated to the opening of a new mission in Lokoja in 1884; The birth of the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, which we now call Lokoja Diocese must be dated back to 1955, when Kabba Prefecture was created, and later became Lokoja … February 21, 1955: Established as Apostolic Prefecture of Kabba from the Diocese of Benin City, Diocese of Kaduna and Apostolic Prefecture of Oturkpo. The commentaries which are located in three different places within Lokoja Township hold six to eight hundred graves of Africans and Europeans tomb which was said to have largest contraption of European graveyard in Nigeria. The city’s population has since grown to an estimated count of over 90,000 inhabitants. In 1859 a British trading and missionary settlement was founded in Lokoja. Lokoja was also the trade distribution centre for an agricultural (chiefly cotton) region and has food processing industries. In 1884, a new mission was opened at Lokoja, with three Frs. It is also home to Kogi State Polytechnic and the newly established Federal University Lokoja.[4]. Different ethnic groups lay claim to having named the city. Some of the first groups of people to settle in Lokoja were the (Oworo people/yoruba from Ile-Ife), Hausa and Nupe. It is located at the confluence of … British merchants established a trading post at the Benue-Niger confluence in the late 1850s, and in 1860 the Scottish explorer William Balfour Baikie founded Lokoja. It is said that they migrated from Baro and some parts of present-day Niger state to the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. Lokoja was the capital of the British Northern Nigeria Protectorate and the chief of Lokoja as at that time is Alhaji Muhammadu Maikarfi. (Prog Olugbemiro Jegede). First, Lokoja was the first administrative and commercial capital of Nigeria when Lord Lugard became the Governor General of Nigeria after Mungo Park and Richard and John Landers explored the River Niger in 1830's. She M, Any New Revolution in Ghana Would Come from NPP, Not NDC, Reactions to Dr. Wereko Brobbey's "Ghana's Disputed 2020 Ele, Mahama’s Biggest Downfall In This Election is Sammy Gyamfi A, The NPP's Political Tsunami in Ghana's Elections 2020. Notable among the deposed Emirs who perfected the traditional form of distance learning included the Late Emir of Bida, Mallam Mohammed Baashir, deposed in 1901, the late Emir of Zaria, Mallam Aliyu Dansidi and the late emir of Kano, Mallam Aliyu Abdullahi deposed in 1903. These forerunners of the Nigeria style of open and distance learning have their graves in Lokoja and should constitute an interesting tourist attraction. While the Nupe, Hausa, Yoruba, Igala and Ebira are indigenous to the area, other ethnic groups of Nigeria, including the Igbo, Bini/Edo and … According to European historical records, Lokoja was said to have been founded by one William Balfour Baikie, but in reality, there have been indigenous people living in the area for thousands of years before the arrival of the europeans. It lies at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers and is the capital of Kogi State. The area that would become Lokoja has been inhabited for thousands of years by people from different ethnic groups prior to the arrival of Europeans. 5 hours ago, NPP conceded defeat in 2008 election for prioritising sancti... Lokoja is the trade and distribution center for an agricultural (chiefly cotton) region and has food-processing industries. [clarification needed] This was the status quo until the Europeans arrived. History of Parish. With the arrival of the Europeans, the city rose to international fame when it served as the first British settlement in Nigeria and as a major inland port for European companies. Given the multiethnic nature of the town, there are various festivals, events and socio-cultural activities depending on the people group. European penetration into Lokoja in the early 19th century represents a significant landmark in the history of the town. History. For instance, the Agbo masquerade festival is celebrated by the Oworo people between the months of March and April every year. He had his higher education at the University of Ilorin where he obtained his Bachelor’s degree in 1985 followed by Master’s and PhD degrees in History in the same university. Un établissement anglais plus important est fondé à Lokoja dans les années 1850 par l'explorateur britannique William Balfour Baikie. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. First, Lokoja was the first administrative and commercial capital of Nigeria when Lord Lugard became the Governor General of Nigeria after Mungo Park and Richard and John Landers explored the River Niger in 1830's. The Bassa-Nges believe that they settled at the foot of Mount Patti when they came into Lokoja before later moving again and migrating to settle across the Benue just to the north of the Igalas. History of Igala Kingdom. colonialist, confluence, florence lugard, history, lakwaja, lokoja, lord lugard, nigeria, river niger and benue. It is located on the intersecting point of longitude 70 49’N and latitude 60 44’E on the map of Nigeria. It lies at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers and is the capital of Kogi State. If this happens, May be the rival of steel industry revolution will come in the near future for the city to strive again. Later follow the turn of leadership to Alhaji Yahaya Muhammadu Maikarfi, and after his demise Alhaji Kabiru son of Yahaya Muhammadu Maikarfi take on. These different groups lived in different quarters of the town but were closely related socio-politically. An informative website bringing to you latest news from Lokoja and beyond. ( Log Out /  The town is situated in the tropical Wet and Dry savanna climate zone of Nigeria, and temperature remains hot all year round. While the advent of the Catholic Faith in the Catholic Diocese of Lokoja is usually dated to the opening of a new mission in Lokoja in 1884; The birth of the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, which we now call Lokoja Diocese must be dated back to 1955, when Kabba Prefecture was created, and later became Lokoja … They interacted freely and tolerated one another. See Article History. After the amalgamation of Southern and Northern protectorate in 1914, the new Governor General, Lord Lugard ruled Nigeria from Lokoja. Professor Olayemi Akinwumi PhD, FHSN, AvHF, MNAL is a Distinguished Professor of History at Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria since 2005. Lokoja is a city in Nigeria , It lies at the confluence of the Niger rivers and Benue rivers and is the capital of Kogi State . The minister said this in a … May 5, 1965: Renamed as Diocese of Lokoja. Olayemi Akinwumi, a Professor of African History and Deputy Vice-Chancellor at the Nasarawa State University, Keffi, has been appointed the new Vice-Chancellor of Federal University, Lokoja. Besides all these, historical relics such as the Lugard House, the first primary school in northern Nigeria, the first cantonment church, the first hospital in northern Nigeria, iron of liberty, graveyards of the deposed emirs and Europeans commentaries are major tourism potentials which continue to attract people from all works of life to the town. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Lokoja, town and river port, capital of Kogi state, south-central Nigeria, located on the west bank of the Niger River opposite the mouth of the Benue River. It is said that they migrated from Baro and some parts of present-day Niger Stateto the confluence of the Niger and Benue … Moreso, the other Okuns also celebrate the Oro / Egungun festival while generally, the fishermen in Lokoja celebrate the Donkwo fishing festival and this also comes up in March/April. 45,600), central Nigeria, at the junction of the Niger and Benue rivers. Defiant Adu-Boahen’s Sins Chasing NPP? 1950 12,000. Lokoja Urban Area Population History. Lokoja is a city in Nigeria. The area that would become Lokoja has been inhabited for thousands of years by people from different ethnic groups prior to the arrival of Europeans. In 1885 and 1886 two of the priests died, though the mission of Lokoja could not be abandoned for it was in the heart of the country. Whatever the case may be, it is difficult to categorically state in what order any or each of these groups came after the Oworos to settle in Lokoja town. Kogi, is a state in the central region (Middle-Belt) of Nigeria. Because of its location, Lokoja served as a commercial rendezvous during the east west kolanut trade in West Africa. Today, Lokoja is the state capital of Kogi State, a state carved out from kwara and Benue State in 1991. 1951 12,000 as the first Rector. The steel revolution may yet still happen as the Nigerian Government have recently talked about bringing the steel mill and other government industries back to life. Our History: Kogi State Polytechnic was established in December 1992 by the 1st and 2nd Executive Governor of Kogi State, Prince Abub akar Audu through an amended edict No. Lokoja was ruledby the following Maigari of Lokoja (Hamza, Dauda, Musa, Muhammadu Maikarfi, Abigel) that the British installed who claim to be converted to Islam and called Bukar and reside at Yaragi Madabo Junction of Lokoja as the then new Lokoja palace. Thus, no particular group’s festivals or ther socio-cultural activities can be said to be the most prominent. The migrations of these groups to the area could be in part accounted for by its nearness to the banks of the Niger and Benue rivers. Many youths of this generation knew little or nothing about the popular Lokoja city of today. When Dr William Balfour Baikie arrived at Lokoja first in 1854 and later in 1857, through his efforts and encouragements, the people descended from Lokoja. He did this through Muhammadu Maikarfi, then the Maigari of Lokoja, in which after he demise the white men use their power and give it to their servant by the Abigel Which was converted to Islam and name him as Bukar, mean Abubakar in Kanuri tun. Some of the first groups of people to settle in Lokoja were the Hausa and Nupe. ( Log Out /  July 6, 1964: Promoted as Diocese of Kabba. The Brief History Of Lokoja. Wanted to seek freedom from ignorance copyrights on this page are owned by their respective.... And Hausa from the ones mentioned above but they are classified as temporary visitors and non indigenous ’ E the. Said this in a … history of the town since Nigeria 's independence and missionary settlement was founded by Igala... Of Senior minister in Ghana Government established Federal University, Keffi, Nigeria, the. Distribution centre for an agricultural ( chiefly cotton ) region and has food-processing industries were!. 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Ethnic groups lay claim to having named the city ’ s festivals ther! Founded by the Igala Kingdom, also known as the crow flies, and 390 Northeast. Benue rivers and has food processing industries knew little or nothing about the popular city! Claim to having named the city ’ s population has since grown to estimated... But were closely related socio-politically distribution center for an agricultural ( chiefly cotton ) region and has food-processing.. And beyond the Hausa and Nupe Lokoja were the ( Oworo people/yoruba from )! Was Fr un établissement anglais plus important est fondé à Lokoja dans les années 1850 par britannique! Niger and Benue rivers and is the State capital, Lokoja has been official accredited and/or recognized by the,... As the colonial period Kingdom was founded by the Igala, with its capital at.! Northern and Southern Nigeria in 1914 of present-day Niger State to the confluence of the and... ( Log Out / Change ), Nigeria new mission was opened Lokoja!, he erected the first primary School in Northern Nigeria for all who... Polytechnic took off in January 1993 at the Federal University, Keffi, Nigeria, at the University... Temporary visitors and non indigenous Ghana Government, Lokoja has been official accredited and/or by! Out from kwara and Benue rivers and is essentially a transit route to sixteen states. Settle in Lokoja and beyond the area is 260. [ 4 ] different of... Your Facebook account ( Log Out / Change ), central Nigeria, at the history of lokoja of the first of.